Collection a1133b - Italian trench journals from the First World War period

Identity area

Reference code

IT a1133b

Title

Italian trench journals from the First World War period

Date(s)

  • 1914 - 1918 (Creation)

Level of description

Collection

Extent and medium

Aprox. 37 newspapers

Context area

Name of creator

Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo Unico

Biographical history

The Central Institute for the Union Catalogue of Italian Libraries and Bibliographic Information took on the current denomination in 1975 following the constitution of The Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities, formerly the Ministry for Cultural and Environmental Heritage. The National Centre for the Union Catalogue was created in 1951 with the task of cataloguing the entire national bibliographic heritage.
This objective is pursued due to a considerable collaboration strategy among Italian libraries even coming under varied administrations. This ensures the development of services on the same level throughout the entire nation. Resulting from this collaboration is the establishment of the National Library Service. This national on-line service network, to which the state, local institutions, and university libraries is connected, contribute to the founding of the national collective on-line catalogue which is managed by the Institute.
The Institute, whose reference point is the General Direction for Library Heritage, Cultural Institutes and Copyright, carries out coordination functions with due respect to library autonomy in the field of National Library Service as well as cataloguing projects accomplished through the use of new information technology. ICCU acts as coordinator of the National Library Service (SBN) and of the digitalization projects produced by using metadata standards and related to the project Italian Digital Library (BDI).

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Content and structure area

Scope and content

This Collection gathers aprox. 37 Italian trench journals such as "Il grigio verde", "La trincea", "Gli avvenimenti", "L'eco caricaturista", "La scintilla caricaturista" ect. Among which are illustrated and colored journals such as "La tradotta" with comic strips. These trench journals through their wit and black humor, present a unique selection of wry, humorous and poignant submissions from the Italian soldiers. They contain poems, sketches, short stories, jokes, plays, letters, editorial cartoons, articles and a wider commentary on military and civilian life written and illustrated by the soldiers. Produced, mostly unofficially, by every type of unit engaged in the war, they are a reflection of theirs units and were principally distributed only to the members of the unit. Trench journalism functioned to sustain morale and develop a military culture by providing outlets for soldiers to socialize, share accomplishments, and vent frustrations with military life. These unique, though little-known, journals provide an essential counterpoint to the official histories of the First World War.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling

Accruals

System of arrangement

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Freely available online.

Conditions governing reproduction

Language of material

  • Italian

Script of material

Language and script notes

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

14-18 Documenti e immagini della Grande Guerra
http://www.14-18.it/giornali-di-trincea

Europeana Collections 1914-1918
http://www.europeana-collections-1914-1918.eu/

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

The Central Institute for the Union Catalogue of Italian Libraries (ICCU) coordinates the Italian WW1 collections owned by Biblioteca Universitaria Alessandrina, Biblioteca di Storia Moderna a Contemporanea, and Istituto per la Storia del Risorgimento Italiano through the official website 14-18: Documenti e immagini della Grande Guerra. This Digital Collection gathers the most important documentary collections in Italy from the years 1915-1918.

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

This Collection is part of the broader Collection "Italian and foreign periodicals from the First World War period"

Related descriptions

Notes area

Note

The materials have been digitized within the context of the Europeana Collections 1914-1918
http://www.europeana-collections-1914-1918.eu/

Alternative identifier(s)

Access points

Subject access points

Place access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

Status

Final

Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

2013/11/12

Language(s)

  • English

Script(s)

Sources

Digital object metadata

Digital object (External URI) rights area

Accession area